Like most teachers, I have a tense relationship with textbooks: too much of one thing, not enough of another; too old, or updated annually; too hard to read, or too simplistic; boring or sensationalistic or, worse, trying to be student-friendly and failing; etc. Still, they are pedagogically useful, as long as they’re not actually harmful. In most of my classes, I use a survey text: ideally, it provides a foundation of basic information, frees me from having to explain everything in lecture. Basic stuff.
But in my Japanese history classes, I’ve been getting away from them. When I offered my Early Japan to 1600 course in 2003, I used Hane’s Premodern Japan. I didn’t like it, though: I’ve always thought Hane’s coverage of issues was quirky, and his politics a bit obvious. When I offered it again in 2004, I dispensed with Hane and used the Encyclopedia Britannica Online for basic narrative background. Maybe it was too early: students just didn’t spend enough time online, or something, and very few of them kept up with it or could make connections between that and the readings. In 2007, I gave up on that, too, and went textbook-free, though I was using Lu’s Japan: A Documentary History which had a lot of good background in it. Mostly, though, I focused on the sources, using the questions raised by the readings to direct my lectures. I thought it was a neat bit of modern pedagogy, almost constructivist: students hated it.1
So I’m reconsidering the Early Japan course now. First of all, I’m shifting the chronology a bit: going up to 1700.2 I still like Lu’s documents, supplemented with literature, for the main event readings.3 But I think a good textbook might be worthwhile. That’s the problem: a good textbook.
- Hane: see above on coverage and tone.
- Conrad Totman’s Japan Before Perry: just reissued. Not updated, mind you, and it was assigned to me when I was an undergrad (and I don’t remember it making much of an impression). Anyone used it recently and want to comment on how creaky it is?
- John Whitney Hall’s Government and Local Power is out of print, for sure, or I’d use it in a heartbeat.
- I could use a text which covers all of Japanese history, and keep using it for the second half of the course. I used Varley’s Japanese Culture many years ago, and it was updated in 2000. There’s also Walthall’s Japan: A Cultural, Social And Political History, the replacement for the venerable Reischauer/Craig. Varley has the advantage of better context for the literary readings, but Walthall’s likely to be better on the political and economic stuff. Not having seen it, though, I’m a bit nervous.
At the moment, I think I’m actually leaning towards the last option — Varley or Walthall — but I’m curious to know if anyone out there has any thoughts.
The same method actually worked quite well in my Japanese Women’s History course. More than once. Go figure. ↩
I’m actually giving up on the three-course sequence. I like it, and it makes great historiographical sense. But students never seemed to figure out what was going on in the middle course (Qing or Tokugawa-Meiji) and I think you really need a much larger student body than I’m ever going to have to work with for these courses to actually draw enough audience. I’m not going to the 19c contact=modernity model, though. I don’t think I could stomach it at this point. ↩
McCullough’s Genji/Heike again, probably, but I need some later literature. Something on drama, with both Noh and Kabuki? ↩
Early classes are a pain for textbooks. If you want to do an all-Japan book have you thought about Totman’s A History of Japan? It has an environmental focus that makes it less useful as a quick summary, but there is a lot more to it than Japan before Perry. Plus it has a pretty big pre-modern section, unlike most of the “all of Japan” books which try to get to Meiji in about 7 pages.
Totman, Conrad. A History of Japan. Wiley-Blackwell, 2004.
I may actually have a copy of Totman: I forgot about that. But it turns out to be a false alarm: due to a bit of a mix-up, I’m actually going to be teaching Samurai next semester.
Reading your comment, I see that you won’t be teaching the course next semester, but I have to agree with the first comment: Totman’s general history has a fresh perspective and is well-written. While it moves along rather quickly for my tastes, Totman was judicious in his choice of topics for discussion.
I’ve used Souyri’s “The World Turned Upside Down” as a text for my pre-modern class (in combination with Lu’s document book).
Greetings, I’m just going through the new _Traditional Japanese Arts and Culture_, edited by Stephen Addiss, Gerald Groemer, and J. Thomas Rimer. It’s wonderful in its presentation of primary sources of all types; not just texts. I recommend it. MGS